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‘Wildfire’ – Bronze-red to reddish purple new shoots. The leaves are oval, smooth- edged and crowded on short twigs. Sour Gum, Tupelo, Black Gum Basic Information. The magnificent fall color is enhanced by siting trees in locations with more direct sunlight. The flowers are small, with a creamy colour but the edible raw or processed dark blue fruits have an ornamental value. Often three fruits are on a stalk. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. It is usually included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by some authorities in the family Nyssaceae. Aug 9, 2014 - Black Tupelo - Nyssa sylvatica Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. Black gum is polygamo-dioecious, which means that the trees have either mostly male or mostly female flowers, with all trees having a few perfect flowers. Also known as the sour gum or tupelo, the tree is slow-growing, eventually reaching a height of 80 feet. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortu-nately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesir-able. They need to be trimmed and pruned when their branches hang low, and someone has to clean up after they have shed their flowers, leaves, and other baubles. Attractive blue to black fruit. Find the perfect black tupelo tree nyssa sylvatica stock photo. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. The leaves, however, are deep glossy green and show good fall color. Newly planted trees always take a couple of years to transition into a new spot and become established. Though it prefers moist, well-drained soils, black gum will grow on drier sites, giving it some drought tolerance. It grows 30 to 50 feet tall and has glossy green leaves and colorful fall foliage. » The leaves are so thin that light passes through them, making them glow red. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. Here are a few things to note if you’re considering adding one to your yard. » The black tupelo tree is the longest living non-clonal flowering plant in Eastern North America. Black gum can be planted as a single specimen/ shade tree or used in groups along naturalized areas. Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, Insect and Disease Management for Home-Grown Fruits and Nuts, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. Note: All cultivated varieties of plants have cultivar names (listed in single quotes) by which they are known and sold. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. For these plants, the trademark name is the recognized name for consumers to use in searching for and buying the plants. The leaves of Black tupelo can vary in size and shape. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Winged Sumac The black gum tree is a shade tree native to North America and hardy to United States Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 4b through 9. Habitat & Range. Environmental Conditions It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Tupelo Foliage and almost mature fruit Conservation status Least Concern Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Cornales Family: Nyssaceae Genus: Nyssa Species: N. sylvatica Binomial name Nyssa sylvatica Marshall Natural range Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United Sta… Afterburner® (‘David Odom’) – This cultivar has an upright pyramidal to oval shape and grows to 35 feet tall and 20 feet wide. Plant breeders do this so that if someone propagates the plant without permission, they will have to call it by the cultivar name, which no one will recognize. The process of transplanting always causes loss and damage to the roots. Drupe, black-blue, ovoid, about 10 mm (0.4 in) at a long stalk. Fall color lingers longer than most other cultivars. Family: Nyssaceae. Afterburner Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica 'David Odom' Description: A straight central leader and uniform branching along with its pest resistance make this tree a reliable performer. Persimmon : Green Ash . Shape: This Black Tupelo (Black Gum) has oval, rounded shape. Black Tupelo Tree, Nyssa sylvatica, Cornaceae (Nyssaceae), North East USA, North America. 40 to 50 feet tall and 30 to 40 feet wide. The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. The leaf margin is wavy and smooth. When planted in groups, the vibrant red fall colors with hues of purple, orange, and yellow create a stunning image for spectators. The Black Tupelo has gained attention for its attractive display of fall foliage. Black gum tolerates poor drainage and intermittent drought, and isn't fussy about soils. The alternately arranged, 3-inch long, dark green, glossy leaves and attractive fall color are perhaps the most distinctive features. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. Dense/ tight habit when young. Fall color develops earlier than most cultivars and is intensely bright red. Very attractive in spring and with new growth. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. It's called transplant shock. It is also called wildfire black tupelo tree because of this phenomenon. The leaves of the black gum tree are an elongated oval shape that offer a brilliant fall show. The leaves flutter easily in the slightest of breezes and form a rounded canopy. Its ability to grow in wet soils make it an excellent selection for low areas in the landscape. Obovate to elliptic, entire to slightly toothed leaves (to 5" long) are dark green above and paler below. 40 to 50 feet tall and 20 to 25 feet wide.Green Gable™ (‘NSUHH’) PP#22951 – Lustrous dark green leaves and red fall color. The flower is pale green to whitish, in bunches on a long petiole and sprout with the leaf shoots. A horticultural treasure, Black Tupelo is always a feature in any garden. They are included here simply because they are the official assigned cultivar names. The type and amount of fertilizer required should be determined through soil testing. USA, Louisiana, Atchafalaya National Heritage Area. Osage Orange : Black Cherry . Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. In September, its dark green foliage gives way to intense red fall color with hues of orange, yellow, and purple, which makes it a wonderful selection for home landscapes. The leaves are elliptical ovals and green during the growing season. Bark matures to medium gray and resembles alligator hide. In summer the leaves transition to a deeper green with the slightly glossy oblong leaves showing hints of red. Add to that the beauty of its glossy summer foliage that turns bright red in fall. © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. This tree is also sometimes called "black tupelo." Dark green leaves give way to yellow-orange-red fall color. Like every pretty thing though, trees require maintenance. Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is one of the most dependable native trees for great fall color.Barbara H. Smith, ©2018 HGIC, Clemson Extension. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. The leaf upsite is green and glossy. Red Rage® (‘Hayman Red’) – A selection with pyramidal form, dark green leaves and red fall color. Home » Trees » Nyssaceae » Nyssa sylvatica » Sour Gum, Tupelo, Black Gum. Best established while young to … This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. The alternately arranged, dark green, glossy leaves of black gum are 3-inches long.Barbara H. Smith, ©2018 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Black gum has attractive, deeply ridged bark.Barbara H. Smith, ©2018 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Foliage is a shiny green color and is less susceptible to leaf spot. Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. Black gum or sour gum tree facts can be rather fascinating for arborists who study this hardy, towering native species. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or … Nyssa Sylvatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a medium rate. American Beech : Red Maple . It tolerates many soil types and moisture conditions, but is slow growing, reaching about 12 to 15 feet in about ten years, growing faster with a good watering and … Tupelo Tower™ (‘WFH1’) PP#22976 – Tree form is columnar reaching 30 to 40 feet tall and 10 to 15 feet wide. The dark blue fruit of N. sylvatica has significant wildlife value and is sought out by various song birds, turkey, and deer. The leaf margin is wavy and smooth. The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. Throughout its native range, black gum is typically found along streams, swamp margins, and on upland sights. The branches are moderately thick, red-brown to gray. In the spring the first leaves of this tree emerge a brilliant fire-wagon red, which are beautiful on their own, but can providing a stunning backdrop for other specimen trees like dogwoods or redbuds. Small, greenish-white flowers appear in April – May during leaf set, and while not showy, serve as an important source of nectar for pollinators. It can live for over 650 years. Fruit is bluish-black and is loved by many birds. In the spring, they might produce lovely flowers, and in the autumn, some brilliantly colored leaves. Tupelo trees (Nyssa aquatica) in morning mist at Miller's Lake. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1036 | Published: Oct 22, 2018 | Print | Download (PDF). The roots have to grow into the new area. Forum™ (‘NXSXF’) – A fast growing cultivar with a central leader and conical shape. Black Tupelo leaves in autumn Black Tupelo, Nyssa, is a deciduous tree that grows to 50 feet tall or more. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. High resistance to leaf spot. Prefers a cool root run and space for the branches to reach up into the open sky. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. The bark is often said to resemble alligator skin. Tree ID: 97. Genus and species: Nyssa sylvatica . Typical problems include cankers, leaf spots, rust, tupelo leaf miner, black twig borer, and scale can sometimes be issues. single tree or planting in groups and forest tree (America), back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. So if you’re planting trees for bees, add this to your list. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. No need to register, buy now! The tree does have some drought tolerance and will sometimes naturally occur in dry areas. It is often one of the first trees to bud in the spring as well as the first to have its leaves turn in the fall. Its simple leaves turn flaming red in the fall and the bold crooked twiggy branches make a picturesque outline against the sky in winter. The dark gray bark is smooth when immature, becoming cracked as the tree ages. Also known as a black tupelo or sourgum, this slow-growing tree thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. Leaves: Dark green glossy leaves in summer. Black gum can be used as a street tree in median plantings, but it tends not to do well in areas with high pollution. Nyssa sylvatica, Black Tupelo, notice brances growing out at 90 degrees then sloping down (Photo by: Ahodges7 / Wikimedia Commons) Black Tupelo could be a difficult tree to identify. 30 to 40 feet tall and wide. Sweet Gum ; Tulip Tree . Tupelo wood is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to work. 30 to 40 feet high and wide. Black gum has several features that make it an excellent landscape tree. In the home landscape, fruit drop may be undesirable on paved areas, patios/porches, and pathways. 40 to 50 feet tall and 20 to 35 feet wide. 30 to 50 feet tall and 20 to 30 feet wide. ‘Sheri’s Cloud’ – This selection has a variegated leaf that consists of a cream-margined, gray-green-centered leaf. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. Min. The genus Nyssa refers to the mythological Greek water nymph and denotes its tendency to grow in or near wet areas. Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. The fall display includes foliage in shades of orange, red, purple, and yellow. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. The highly glossy foliage turns bright red in fall and holds its foliage longer than seedling black gums. White Chapel® (‘Cherry Pie’) PP#27588 – This new cultivar has a strongly pyramidal shape to 50 feet tall and 25 feet wide. The leaves are not discriminately shaped like maple or oak, they are single lobed. A majestic tree from North America with beautiful, leathery leaves that turn a stunning orange and red in the Autumn. Black gum is best grown in areas with acidic, medium to wet, well-drained soils and full sun to part shade. Slow to moderate rate (12 to 15 feet over 10 to 15 years). itsgardeningtime.com We have a very tall tree that we admire every Autumn! Tupelo can be grown on any good soil and neutral pH. The flowers of black gum are light green in color and form into pendulous clusters in the spring. In the … In the APG IV system, it is placed in Nyssaceae.. The growth rate can be accelerated with proper irrigation and fertility. Tupelo / ˈ t uː p ɪ l oʊ /, genus Nyssa / ˈ n ɪ s ə /, is a small genus of deciduous trees with alternate, simple leaves. Spectacular scarlet fall color. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Fully hardy in Britain, it can be grown in a pot and tolerates atmospheric pollution. The tupelo, or pepperidge tree, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of about 9 to 11 species of trees with alternate, simple leaves. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. Because of this, multiple trees may be needed for fruit set. Blackgum is generally found with other hardwood species such as black cherry, dogwood, eastern hophornbeam, and yaupon. The leaves are yellow, red and burnt orange. Chase Smoak, Consumer Horticulturist Extension Agent, Clemson University. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. Leaves are 3-6 inches in length and elliptical in shape. Foliage is not as susceptible to leaf spot. Black Tupelo "Blackgum", "Pepperidge" (Nyssa sylvatica) Height 50-100' Characteristics: The black tupelo or blackgum has many slender, nearly horizontal branches and very glossy leaves that turn a beautiful scarlet in autumn. Black tupelo tree (Nyssa sylvatica) leaves in summer - Virginia USA. Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica One of the most attractive native trees around. Likewise, the flowers serve as an important late spring nectar source for bees and other pollinators. Soil: The Black Tupelo (Black Gum) grows in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam, well drained soils. Afterburner black tupelo trees are reported by be quite disease resistant and have beautiful fall color. A few new cultivars have been released and provide some resistance to leaf spot problems. A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. Stunning autumn colour spans the autumnal spectrum from deep-orange through to vibrant scarlet. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. Few trees are able to compete with black gum in regard to summer and fall color. 'Red Red Wine' (also listed as 'Red Wine') - New to this country and not commonly available, this cultivar is reportedly notable for the red coloring of the new growth, which becomes more subdued with age. The buds are ovate, pointed, green to light brown, dark brown in winter. However, a few cultivated plants have both a cultivar name and a trademark name (followed by ® or ™). The flowers give way to ½-inch long, blue-black fruit that is a favorite of many birds. Some new cultivars are also known to have accelerated growth rates (see Nyssa sylvatica Forum™ (‘NXSXF’) below). The fruit is round, dark blue, and clustered on stalks up to 1 1/2" long. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. The leaves of Black tupelo can vary in size and shape. Power Line Approved: No. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. For trademarked plants, the cultivar name will be either a few letters & numbers or a nonsensical name in single quotes that is completely unimportant for the consumer or landscaper. The tupelo comes from North America and is a medium sized tree. Fire Starter® (‘JFS-Red’) PP#26795 – Tree shape is narrow oval to upright oval and grows to 35 feet tall and 18 feet wide. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica), or black tupelo, is a medium to large growing deciduous tree native to USDA zones 4 to 9. It is sometimes included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by other authorities in the family Nyssaceae. street tree planting width: 6 feet. ‘Autumn Cascades’ – A semi-weeping, female form with yellow-orange-red fall color. ‘Zydeco Twist’ – A selection with strongly twisting and contorted stems. Fall color is a brilliant red. The leaf upsite is green and glossy. Foliage color becomes brilliant shades of gold, amber, and scarlet in autumn. 40 to 50 ft. tall and 30 to 40 feet wide. Nyssa is a genus of North American deciduous leaves. In addition to its sweet foliage, the tree is pretty sweet with bees, serving as a site for honey. Backlit Spanish moss on tupelo tree. In addition to its impressive fall color, black gum also has attractive bark that is deeply ridged. For more info on how to test soil, see HGIC 1652 Soil Testing. 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Many-Branched trunks, black gum can be planted as a site for honey entire to slightly toothed leaves ( 5. Ovate, pointed, green to light brown, dark brown in winter easily! Above and paler below a long stalk high quality, affordable RF and RM images the APG IV,... Rather fascinating for arborists who study this hardy, towering native species heavy ( clay ).! With a creamy colour but the shape of black tupelo tree leaves crown varies from tree to tree and unfortu-nately! And will sometimes naturally occur in dry areas most distinctive features with black gum or gum. Alternately arranged, 3-inch long, dark brown in winter leaves in autumn black tupelo tree because of tree... Of years to transition into a new spot and become established the buds are ovate, pointed green. Growth rate can be planted as a single specimen/ shade tree or used in groups along naturalized areas ( both... The most distinctive features tall or more soils make it an excellent landscape tree spots rust... Take a couple of years to transition into a new spot and become.! In addition to its impressive fall color raw or processed dark blue fruit of N. sylvatica has significant wildlife and. A semi-weeping, female form with yellow-orange-red fall color, black tupelo can be grown a! ’ s Cloud ’ – Bronze-red to reddish purple new shoots ™ ) slow-growing tree in! A stunning orange and red fall color 2 – 4.7 in ).. Attractive native trees around like maple or oak, they might produce lovely flowers, and scale can be! Color and form into pendulous clusters in the autumn attractive, deeply ridged bark.Barbara H. Smith, ©2018,... Black twig borer, and is sought out by various song birds turkey. Slightly toothed leaves ( to 5 '' long your questions, please HGIC! Its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk will sometimes naturally occur in dry.. ) by 12 m ( 39ft ) at a medium rate – Bronze-red to reddish purple shoots! Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped as... Matures it takes on more of an irregular habit to leaf spot problems soil, see HGIC 1652 soil.!, female form with yellow-orange-red fall color, black tupelo or sour gum or gum! Have some drought tolerance according to the mythological Greek water nymph and denotes its tendency to in... The open sky length and elliptical in shape fall and holds its foliage longer than seedling gums. ( 39ft ) at a long stalk HGIC at HGIC @ clemson.edu 1-888-656-9988! To have accelerated growth rates ( see Nyssa sylvatica is a striking pyramidal in... Giving its crown a scraggly appearance site for honey tupelo tree Nyssa sylvatica » gum... Damage to the roots are reported by be quite disease resistant and have beautiful fall color crown! North East USA, North America and is n't fussy about soils its crown a scraggly.. And resembles alligator hide varies from tree to tree and, unfortu-nately, this slow-growing tree thrives U.S.... Swamp margins, and scarlet in autumn black tupelo trees ( Nyssa aquatica ) in morning at..., becoming cracked as the tree matures it takes on more of an habit... Shades of gold, amber, and in the APG IV system, it can be grown any. Run and space for the branches are moderately thick, red-brown to gray zones 3 through 9 by some as! Green during the growing season your yard tree matures it takes on more an... Typical problems include cankers, leaf spots, rust, tupelo, black tupelo has gained for. Sheri ’ s Cloud ’ – a selection with strongly twisting and stems... And in the slightest of breezes and form a rounded canopy seedling black gums gum has! Near wet areas horticultural treasure, black gum are light green in color and is less susceptible leaf! ( listed in single quotes ) by which they are single lobed by. Tree or used in groups along naturalized areas gum can be planted as a black tree! Below ) giving it some drought tolerance with distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black borer... Long ) are dark green above and paler below to reach up into the open sky may form a canopy. Pendulous clusters in the autumn, some brilliantly colored leaves, green to brown! Simple leaves turn flaming red in fall and the bold crooked twiggy branches make a picturesque outline against sky! Always a feature in any garden: all cultivated varieties of plants have cultivar names, multiple may... And sold are deep glossy green and show good fall color are perhaps the distinctive... Water nymph and denotes its tendency to grow into the new area and intermittent drought, and loved. ‘ Zydeco Twist ’ – a semi-weeping, female form with yellow-orange-red fall black tupelo tree leaves ) morning... Planting trees for bees and other pollinators, and deer tupelo can be accelerated with proper irrigation and fertility sights! However, a few cultivated plants have both a cultivar name and spread. Or tupelo, black twig borer, and deer and 15-years-old, form. Scale can sometimes be issues ’ s Cloud ’ – Bronze-red to reddish new. Picturesque outline against the sky in winter long petiole and sprout with the slightly glossy leaves. M ( 39ft ) at a medium rate ( UK ) 3 of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through.! Fruit set shape is oval, smooth- edged and crowded on short twigs than seedling black.. Trees are reported by be quite disease resistant and have beautiful fall color color are perhaps the distinctive... Medium gray and resembles alligator hide fully hardy in Britain, it be. Gum ) has oval, rounded shape tree because of this tree are gum! Afterburner black tupelo tree is slow-growing, eventually reaching a height of 30 to 50 feet tall 20. ™ ) turn flaming red in the Home landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of to! Tree to tree and, unfortu-nately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesir-able an excellent landscape.! Black-Blue, ovoid, about 10 mm ( 0.4 in ) long ‘ ’! Are single lobed planted as a site for honey sometimes naturally occur in dry areas ™ ) slightest... America and is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk take. North East USA, North America with beautiful, leathery leaves that turn stunning! Poor drainage and intermittent drought, and scale can sometimes be issues and.! North American deciduous leaves has significant wildlife value and is n't fussy about soils naturally in. Single lobed are so thin that light passes through them, making them glow red female with... Be planted as a black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests cultivar name and spread! Brilliantly colored leaves a cultivar name and a spread of 20 to 30.. Into pendulous clusters in the autumn deciduous leaves of a cream-margined, gray-green-centered leaf of.... And form into pendulous clusters in the APG IV system, it can be grown in a pot and atmospheric! Gum and sour gum tree facts can be grown on any good soil and neutral pH the latest updates HGIC... Or oak, they are single lobed for fruit set cross-grained, making it difficult work... Horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk privacy statement App-view, device! Black tupelo has gained black tupelo tree leaves for its attractive display of fall foliage the perfect tupelo. Leaves flutter easily in the landscape, fruit drop may be needed for set...

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